Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual
Common Name: Multiflora Rose
Scientific Name: Rosa multiflora (Thunb. ex Murr.)
Multiflora rose was introduced more than 40 years ago for high quality wildlife cover, living farm fences, and windbreaks. In some states, multiflora rose was used as a crash barrier along highways. Multiflora rose spreads rapidly into adjacent fields and undisturbed areas, often forming monotypic thickets. Many states list it as a noxious weed. It belongs to the Rosaceae (Rose) family.
Mowing/Cutting: This method is appropriate for small initial populations or environmentally sensitive areas where herbicides cannot be used. Repeated mowing or cutting will control the spread of multiflora rose, but will not eradicate it. Stems should be cut at least once per growing season as close to ground level as possible. Hand cutting of established clumps is difficult and time consuming due to the long arching stems and prolific thorns.
Rose Rosette Disease (RRD): Rose rosette disease is an endemic disease in the Mid-western states and effects several species of roses. The pathogen appears to be a virus or mycoplasma-like organism spread by the eriophyid mite (Phyllocoptes fructiphilus Keifer). Once infected, most plants die within one or two years with large plants surviving up to four years. Although multiflora rose seems to be the primary host, native and ornamental roses are susceptible. Current research indicates that commercially important relatives such as apples, plums, cherries, etc. are not susceptible to rose rosette disease.
RRD has spread into west and middle Tennessee and is likely to reach the eastern portion of the state in the foreseable future. Its use as a biological control is not feasible until further research verifies the causal agent and some reliable protection is available for native and cultivated rose species.
Rose Seed Chalcid (Megastigmus aculeatus var. nigroflavus [Hoffmeyer]): The rose seed chalcid was imported from Japan with multiflora rose seed in 1917. The wasp deposits its eggs into the developing rose ovule just after petal-fall. The larvae develop in the ovules, consuming the contents of the seeds and killing them. Surveys conducted in West Virginia found 50% of viable seed infested with chalcid oviposits. Dispersal is by movement of seed by birds, which may explain the relatively low colonization rate. It is estimated that 90% of the multiflora rose in West Virginia and surrounding states will be infested by this wasp in the next 20 years or more.
Foliar Spray Method: This method should be considered for large thickets of multi-flora rose where risk to non-target species is minimal. Air temperature should be above 65Â°F to ensure absorption of herbicides.
Glyphosate: Apply a 2% solution of glyphosate and water plus a 0.5% non-ionic surfactant thoroughly wetting all leaves. Use a low pressure and coarse spray pattern to reduce spray drift damage to non-target species. Glyphosate is a non-selective systemic herbicide that may kill non-target partially-sprayed plants.
Triclopyr: Apply a 2% solution of triclopyr and water plus a 0.5% non-ionic surfactant to thoroughly wet all leaves. Use a low pressure and coarse spray pattern to reduce spray-drift damage to non-target species. Triclopyr is a selective herbicide for broadleaf species. In areas where desirable grasses are growing under or around multiflora rose, triclopyr can be used without non-target damage.
Cut Stump Method: This control method should be considered when treating individual bushes or where the presence of desirable species preclude foliar application. This treatment remains effective at low temperatures as long as the ground is not frozen.
Glyphosate: Horizontally cut multiflora rose stems at or near ground level. Immediately apply a 25% solution of glyphosate and water to the cut stump making sure to cover the entire surface.
Triclopyr: Horizontally cut multiflora rose stems at or near ground level. Immediately apply a 25% solution of triclopyr and water to the cut stump making sure the entire surface is covered.
Basal Bark Method: This method is effective throughout the year as long as the ground is not frozen. Apply a mixture of 25% triclopyr and 75% horticultural oil to the basal parts of the shrub to a height of 30-38 cm (12-15 in) from the ground. Thorough wetting is necessary for good control; spray until run-off is noticeable at the ground line.
Amrine, J. W., Jr.; Hindal, D. F.; Stasny, T. A. Transmission of the rose rosette disease agent to Rosa multiflora by Phyllocoptes fructiphilus. Entomological News 99(5):239-252; 1988.
Amrine, J. W., Jr.; Stasny, T. A. Biocontrol of multiflora rose. In Biological Pollution: The Control and Impact of Invasive Exotic Species. Indianapolis: IN Academy of Science, 9-21; 1993.
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Amrine, J. W., Jr.; Hindal, D. F. Rose rosette: a fatal disease of multiflora rose. Circular 147, West Virginia University Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Morgantown; 1988.
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Epstein, A. H. Rose rosette disease: an all American malady of rose. The American Rose Magazine, February; 1992.
Gleason, H. A.; Cronquist, A. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. The New York Botanical Garden; 1991.
Hindal, D. F.; Wong, S. M. Potential biocontrol of multiflora rose, Rosa multiflora. Weed Technology 2:122-131; 1988.
Radford, A. E.; Ahles, H. E.; Bell, C. R. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press; 1968.
Scott, R. F. Problems of multiflora rose spread and control. Transactions of 30th North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference 30:360-378; Washington, DC; Wildlife Management Institute; 1965.
Shaffer, D. F. A study of the biocontrol of Rosa multiflora (Thunb.) utilizing the rose seed Chalcid wasp Megastigmus aculeatus var. nigroflavus(Hoffmeyer) (Hymenoptera: Torymidae) in West Virginia. Morgantown, WV: West Virginia University. Thesis. 1987.
Szafoni, B. Rosa multiflora: element stewardship abstract. The Nature Conservancy, Minneapolis, MN; 1990.
Szafoni, B. Multiflora rose. Vegetation Management Circular, Illinois Nature Preserves Commission; 1990.
Williams, R. L.; Hacker, J. D. Control of multiflora rose in West Virginia. Proceedings of the Northeast Weed Science Society 36:237; 1982.
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